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How to Tell the Difference Between Persian and Oriental Rugs

Hand-knotted area rugs can be understood only if you understand the differences between “Oriental rugs” and “Persian rug”. Rugman customers often ask this question. We love to talk to this group of customers about anything related to rugs, such as knot counts or motifs. The simple answer is that Persian rugs can be described as Oriental rugs. Oriental rugs are rugs that were made in the oriental world. Persian rugs can be made in Iran, an oriental country. Not all oriental rugs made in Iran are Persian rugs. They are distinguished by the fact that Persian rugs are the most well-known type of hand-knotted rug. Oriental rugs are those rugs that are made from rugs from other countries in the East.

People often use the terms “Persian Carpet” and “Oriental Carpet” interchangeably. However, they are not the same thing. There are many differences between Persian and Oriental Rugs. Both Persian and Oriental Rugs are unique and beautiful in their ways. These are just a few of the distinctions.

Place of Origin

An Oriental rug is a rug that originated in central Asia, a region that was once called The Orient. The following regions are included:

  • China
  • Afghanistan
  • Nepal
  • Pakistan
  • Russia
  • Iran
  • India.

Therefore, an oriental rug is a rug that was made in one of these countries. The Persian rug was made in Iran many centuries ago during the Persian Empire. It is possible to prove that the Persian Empire’s borders changed over time. The Persian area rug refers to Iran today.


The design is a key difference between Persian rugs, Oriental rugs, and other Oriental rugs. The four main patterns of a Persian carpet are all-over (compartment), central medallion (central medallion) and one-sided. Many styles have a symmetrical design or designs that look symmetrical. Warm-toned colours are common in Persian rugs. Their wool is dyed with deep indigo and rust stones, ivory red, golden yellow, and sage. Oriental rugs have the same patterns as Persian rugs but with a twist. Many oriental rugs contain flora-and-fauna motifs. They also have a curvier line quality than Persian rugs. These rugs can also create landscapes with mountains, fields and lakes. Many Oriental rugs can also be crafted with contrasting colours to add texture and dimension to the weave. Flowers, trees, or clouds can be lifted from the ground to create a three-dimensional effect.


Another important difference is the type of knots used in the creation of oriental and Persian rugs. Oriental rugs have a higher quality than other rugs and are made with smaller knots that are hand-tied. Hand-knotted Persian and Oriental rugs are made by hand using looms. Persian rugs are known for their exceptional craftsmanship and quality. They can have up to 160 hand knots per sq inch. The Oriental rugs are tied using the Symmetrical Ghiordes Knot. Rugs that are hand-knotted in Turkey and the Kurdish regions of Kurdistan have the Ghiordes knot. Persian rugs are usually knotted with an asymmetrical Senneh knot. Cleaning a persian rug can be done by hand using simple vinegar and pH neutral detergents, so you don’t need to rely on a professional clean every time yours starts looking a little tatty..These types of knots have been used by many countries over the past millennia, including Iran, India, Pakistan, China, India and Egypt.

What’s the difference between Oriental and Persian rugs?

Sometimes it is difficult to tell the difference between Persian and Oriental rugs. They are popular because of their natural wool fibres, intricate and ancient designs, durability, and great artistry. Both types of rug increase in value over time. Both types of the rug are handcrafted. These rugs are a wonderful addition to any home and can be treasured for years. Rugman offers a no-questions-asked return policy for 30 days.

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